Coronavirus (Covid-19) – Symptoms, Causes and Awareness
Coronavirus is a disease that can be transmitted from person to person through contact or contaminated respiratory droplets which are caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome. The corona disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of Hubei China, and has since spread globally, resulting in the 2019–2020 coronavirus pandemic.
The virus, since its outbreak in 2019/2020 as observed by medical doctors, has exhibited some symptoms, which include
- shortness of breath
Muscle pain, production of sputum, diarrhea, and sore throat are it’s less common symptoms. It has also been discovered that the virus can mutate its symptoms, it shows some mild symptoms like cold, frequent coughing and sneezing and at some point, it increases to pneumonia.
The virus is assumed to spread more easily through a person to person contact. It spreads between two or more people who are in close contact range (within a 6 feet close contact range).
It can also spread through respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person sneezes or coughs.
Droplets that results from sneezing and coughing (which are symptoms of coronavirus) when released through sneezing and coughing if not contained by wearing a medical mask or using a tissue paper to cover the mouth when sneezing can land on somebody part of a person(s) who are close by in a 4 to 5 feet close range, this person(s) can be infected when they use this body part (e.g. hand) to touch their mouth, nose or eyes.
Humans are thought to be more contagious when they are symptomatic, that is when they are prone to sickness.
It is still possible for people who have been infected with the virus but haven’t shown any symptom to also spread the disease since the virus resides in them. This means that coming in contact with or close contact range with these people could be risky as people who are around them can be infected.
It is also possible that a person can be infected with coronavirus by touching a surface or object that this virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes after touching the infected surface or object.
Coronavirus, an infectious disease and one of the most deadliest diseases ever recorded by man are to be noted and in any way or all way avoided.
Ways or steps to take to avoid being infected with the disease include overall personal hygiene, washing of the hand, avoiding touching the eyes, nose or mouth with your hands when they are not washed, tissue papers should be used to cover the mouth when sneezing or coughing and should be immediately disposed of into a waste bin. Those who may have been infected have been advised to wear a surgical mask when they are in public. Social distancing is also recommended to prevent being infected.
It’s also advisable that all non-essential travel to and from countries and areas affected by the virus outbreak should be suspended. However, the virus has reached the stage of community spread in large parts of the globe. This means that the virus is spreading within communities whose members have not traveled out to areas with widespread of the virus.
Contact tracing is an important method to prevent further transmission.
Hand washing is also recommended to prevent the spread of the virus. Frequent washing of hand is essential for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the toilet or when hands are visibly dirty; before eating; and after blowing one’s nose, coughing, or sneezing. It is also important to use alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol by volume when soap and running water are not readily available.
Covering one’s mouth and nose with a bent elbow or a tissue when coughing or sneezing (the tissue should then be disposed of immediately) to avoid the spread of salivary droplets on close by persons. Surgical masks are recommended for those who may be infected, as wearing a mask can limit the volume, and a travel distance of respiratory droplets dispersed when talking, sneezing, and coughing.
Masks have also been recommended for use by those taking care of someone who may have contracted the disease. It is also recommended that wearing of masks by healthy people, only if they are at high risk of contracting the disease, such as those who are caring for a person with COVID-19, the masks can also help people avoid touching their faces.
Physical distancing (also commonly referred to as social distancing) includes infection control actions intended to slow down the spread of the virus by minimizing close contact range between individuals.
Methods include quarantines; travel bans and the closing of schools, workplaces, stadiums, theatres, shopping centers or any place capable of bringing people together, Individuals can also apply physical distancing methods by staying at home, limiting travel, avoiding crowded areas, practicing no-contact greetings, and physically distancing themselves from others.
Older adults and those with underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease, hypertension, and compromised immune systems face increased risk of serious illness and have been advised to stay-in, that is any residential place in which they currently reside.
Self-isolation at home has been recommended for those diagnosed with coronavirus and those who suspect that they have been infected. Those who may have been exposed to someone with the virus and those who have recently traveled to a country with the widespread transmission have been advised to self-quarantine for 14 days from the time of the last possible exposure.
As no vaccine has been prepared to cure patients infected with coronavirus, it is advised that all steps to prevent being infected with the virus, as earlier discussed, is strictly followed as those who do not follow the advised steps can be vulnerable to the disease.
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